German 2, Semester 2; Das Einkaufen

Introduction  |   Section 1  |   Section 2  |   Section 3   |   Dictionaries

  Section Two:

Part A  |   Part B  |   Part C  |   Part D

Section Two - Part A

Key ConceptDas Imperfekt
In this unit, we are going to learn more about how to discuss events that occurred in the past. You may recall in the previous unit we reviewed how to use the 'present perfect.' The present perfect tense is used in everyday conversation and is often called the 'conversational past'. In this unit you will learn another past tense called 'imperfect'. The 'imperfect' is also referred to as the 'narrative past tense', because it is used to express a series of connected past events, as if you were narrating a story.

Here is the pattern for weak verbs in the imperfect:

*Note that weak verbs keep the same stem in all tenses.

sagen: to say

  stem ending
ich sag te
du sag test
er/sie/es sag te
wir sag ten
ihr sag tet
sie/Sie sag ten

antworten: to answer

*Note that this chart shows the endings for weak verbs that end in -d or t.

  stem ending
ich antwort ete
du antwort etest
er/sie/es antwort ete
wir antwort eten
ihr antwort etet
sie/Sie antwort eten

Writing PracticeÜben wir!
Conjugate the verb in the imperfect tense with the subject pronoun given.. Make a sentence using the correct form and click on the left column to see a possible answer.

Du/ antworten

Key Concept Strong verbs in the imperfect:

Gehen: to go

  stem ending
ich ging  
du ging st
er/sie/es ging  
wir ging en
ihr ging t
sie/Sie ging en

Finden: to find

  stem ending
ich fand  
du fand st
er/sie/es fand  
wir fand en
ihr fand et
sie/Sie fand en

*Note that strong verbs do not keep the same stem. i.e. finden, fand, gefunden.
In fact, the definition of a strong verb is one that changes its stem in the imperfect (narrative past) and does NOT have the -te that weak verbs have.

Writing Practice Fill in the correct imperfect form of gehen or finden. Try writing the correct conjugation; then click on the line to see the correct answer.

Wir      nach Hause.
Ich      seine Adresse nicht.
Du      zu weit.
Ihr      den braunen Anzug.

Key Concept Here is a list of some commen imperfect tense stems for strong verbs. Remember that the correct endings need to be added to these stems to conjugate them correctly.

nahm took
kam came
fuhr rode, traveled
las read
sang sung
lief ran, walked
schrieb wrote

Speaking Assignment

Mündliche Aufgabe
Record yourself speaking 8 complete sentences in the 'imperfect' tense in German, using the above verbs. Use at least four different subject pronouns. (8 Punkte)

Section B.

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